There are a number of avenues to become a Navy Commissioned Officer. You can participate in Navy ROTC, reserve officer training program, or you can attend the Navy Academy at Annapolis, which is the 4-year service Navy Academy. But another method is using the Enlisted to Officer Commissioning program, also known as the Seaman to Admiral program. It is a program that was designed particularly to equip an enlisted person to become a commissioned officer in the United States Navy. There used to be a number of different programs that were designed for enlisted to commissioning, but each had different requirements, and they were sometimes very confusing. A few years ago, the United States Navy combined these into one program called the Seaman to Admiral Education Commissioning program, STA 21 Commissioning program.
The Seaman to Admiral STA-21 program is a program that allows an enlisted sailor or seaman to continue to receive active duty pay and benefits but instead of serving on active duty in the Navy the program participants attends college or university on a Navy paid scholarship to earn a college degree. Upon completion of their college degree they are then commissioned in the United States Navy as an Ensign. It is a program that exists to identify superior high achieving active duty enlisted personnel and encourage them to enroll in college and get a degree, and to then become a Commissioned Navy Officer. It is considered a more direct commissioning route in Navy service and it replaced a number of different Navy enlisted commissioning programs. The Seaman to Admiral enlisted program was the brainchild of Admiral Boorda, the Former US Navy Chief of Naval Operations. He began service in the 1960s as an enlisted person, and then became a Commissioned Officer in the Navy. After starting his Commissioned Career Admiral Boorda worked his way up to his eventual position as Chief of Naval Operations. As Navy CNO he made sure that a enlisted to commissioned Navy Officer program was restarted, and it was then named the Seaman to Admiral program in his honor.
It was the belief of Navy Admiral Boorda that people can excel and they should have different opportunities for service and advancement even if they do not have a perfect start or a traditional background.
The job specialty of Army Field Artillery Fire Support is a varied and interesting one. You will work to encode and decode messages, as well as being a fire support coordinator. You will compile and coordinate different lists of documents that feature battle and enemy targets, and keep track of where the enemy is at all times. Working as an Artillery Army Indirect Fire Specialist you will have to be in good physical and mental condition. You will have to perform strenuous activities for a long time often without a break, and perform other heavy-duty physical activity. You must have normal color vision and hearing, especially normal vision as much of the work with ammunition and targeting is color-coded.
Indirect Infantry Fire support in the Army is a fast moving and high paced job. You have to be a practical expert in ammunition and infantry munitions, and you not only have to know how to do your job but how to do it swiftly and with precision every time. Your fellow infantry crewmembers will rely on your accuracy, ability and competence as the main safety factor in your service as an Indirect Army infantry fire specialist. You will work to fire missiles and other small, medium and large bore weapons on the battlefield to support other units of infantry, and to attack and defeat the enemy as directed. You will support both armor tank units on the battlefield as well as regular infantry soldiers. The Army Indirect Fire Infantry specialist is responsible for assisting, leading and even sometimes supervising aspects of weapons intelligence that deals with identification of the enemy, target processing, maneuvering brigade information and information for your division artillery unit.
Part of the duties you will be involved with can include using night observation equipment, and laser range finders. You will receive training to determine the location of targets using machine aided and manual fire calculations You will learn to help to operate and interact using communication devices with other command units and artillery units, and how to operate target designators. As you continue serving in the Army you will also learn about establishing and maintaining different artillery communications systems,
Your Army training starts with Basic Combat Training for 9 weeks. After basic training you will attend Advanced Infantry Direct Fire Specialist school, where you will work to learn different target and infantry skills to enable you to work as an Army Indirect Infantry Fire Specialist.